The peripartum cow: practical notes

LANGUAGE: ENGLISH

Author(s): Manuel Fernández Sánchez, Manuel Liz López, Matilde Hernández Solís ,
Release date: 2014
ISBN: 978-84-942449-6-4
Pages: 142
Binding: Hard cover
Format: 17 x 24

The cow’s peripartum period from a practical and dynamic point of view, explained through theoretical explanations and a huge collection of clinical cases. Normally, disorders or conditions occurring in the peripartum period are not independent events; they are the result of the interaction of several events occurring over time. The authors highlight here the importance of assessing bovine pathologies as a whole. It is the only manner for the clinician to anticipate conditions that may appear during the peripartum period.


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Manuel Fernández Sánchez

Manuel Fernández Sánchez obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Veterinary Science at the University of Zaragoza. His professional career, now 20 years long, has always been related to ruminants, since his training in Bristol, Belgium and Scotland until his current position as technical responsible for ruminants of Evialis Galicia.

His work developing genetic and reproductive improvements in meet sheep atA.N.G.R.A. (National Association of Rasa Aragonesa breed Farmers), as well as his work controlling reproduction and milk quality in cows in Asturias, have both been remarkable. His professional experience in different scopes of business in conjunction with his experience as a practitioner and in the service of reproductive control in dairy cows have provided him with an ample vision of the veterinarian’s needs when it comes to solving reproductive problems. This image atlas is the result of a practitioner’s work, who knows what it means to confront real problem “at the field”.

Manuel Liz López

Manuel Liz López obtained a Bachelor’s degree at the University of León in Veterinary Science in 1988, the same year in which he started his professional activity as a beef and dairy cattle clinical veterinarian in Lugo (Spain) and which he is still carrying out today. He is co-founder of the veterinary service company da Pontenosa S.L.P and is a specialist in artificial insemination and cattle selection and improvement.

Throughout his whole professional trajectory he has completed numerous courses and training seminars of pathology, surgery, ultrasonography and cattle farm management.

Matilde Hernández Solís

Matilde Hernández Solís owns a Bachelor’s degree in Veterinary Science from the University of León since 1987. Since then she has worked as a cattle veterinarian, and specialised in milk quality after 2003, year in which she starts to develop a quality of milk improvement programme in 70 cattle farms in the province of Lugo. Since 2008 she has been an associate partner of the veterinary service company da Pontenosa S.L.P, and during two years she was the trainer of the Official Quality Control of Milk courses imparted to government employees of Junta de Castilla y León

She is the main researcher of the veterinary service company da Pontenosa S.L.P, of the I+D of “Influencia de la instalación de ordeño en la producción de leche y en el estado sanitario de los rebaños de vacuno de leche en Galicia. Repercusiones económicas en las explotaciones (2007-2010)” (Influence of the milking facilities on milk production and on the sanitary status of the dairy milk herd in Galicia. Economica repercussions in the farms 2007-2010).

1. Introduction
	The stages of the peripartum period

2. The dry period
	Physiology
	Drying-off: Why?
	Drying-off: When?
	Drying-off: How?
	Dry cow management
		Treatments that can be applied during the dry period
		Podiatric treatments
		Vaccinations
		Antiparasitic treatments
		Other preventative treatments

3. Late pregnancy and calving
	Pregnancy monitoring before drying-off
		Late pregnancy examination
		Pregnancy-related disorders
		Foetal mummification
			Diagnosis
			Treatment
		Imminent miscarriage
			Diagnosis
			Treatment
		Prepartum uterine torsion
			Diagnosis
			Treatment
		Calving
			Physiological calving
			Hormonal changes
			Stages of calving
			Preparation (duration: 2-8 hours)
			Dilation (duration: 2-6 hours)
			Foetal expulsion (duration: 0.5-2 hours)
			Expulsion of the placenta (duration: 2-12 hours))
			Puerperium (early postpartum)
			Indications for calving
			Dystocia
				Problems of the mother or foetus as causes of dystocia
				Disproportionate foetus
				Primiparous cows
				Posterior presentation
				Malpresentations
				Maternal diseases
		Changes in environment (facilities and handling) as causes of dystocia
		When to suspect and how to confirm dystocia calving

4. Nutrition and body condition
	Diet management
		Case studies on dry cow management
		The importance of diet
	Food distribution methods
		Automatic concentrate distribution (ACD)
		Unifeed system
	Appropriate diet and production
		Lactation curve
		Case studies on peak lactation
		How to predict and improve production potential
		Body Condition
		Case studies on body condition
		Changes in body condition
		Rations
		Case studies on ration management
		Behaviour of the cow towards its ration
	Evaluation of cow manure
		Case study on manure evaluation

5. Postpartum diseases
	Uterine prolapse
		Aetiology
		Treatment
	Hypocalcaemia
		Pathogenesis
		Clinical signs
		Treatment
		Prevention
	Retained placenta
		Aetiology
		Clinical signs
		Treatment
		Prevention
	Metritis
		Aetiology
		Clinical signs
		Diagnosis
		Treatment
		Prevention
	Ketosis
		Aetiology
		Pathogenesis
		Clinical signs
		Diagnosis
		Treatment
		Prevention
	Left displaced abomasum
		Pathogenesis
		Clinical signs
		Diagnosis
		Treatment
		Rolling procedure
	Surgery
		Paramedian approach
		Right flank approach
		Left flank approach
	Pharmacotherapy and monitoring
	
	Mastitis
		Estimated costs of mastitis
		Compiled data
		Study results
			Costs of discarded milk
			Treatment costs
			Costs due to loss of production
		Conclusions

6. General management
	Collective management
		Solid feed
		Amount
		Quality
		Water intake
		Rest
		Cubicle dimensions
		Exercise
	Individual management
		Planning the dry period
		Twin pregnancies
		Heifers
		Grazing cows
		Batch creation and mobilisation
		Prevention of postpartum metabolic problems in dry cows

7. Case studies
	Case 1. Abscess in the hoof wall
	Case 2. Lameness in a dry cow: the perils of inaction
	Case 3. Left displaced abomasum	complicated by surgical abscess
	Case 4. Drying-off and social relationships
	Case 5. Perineal tears in first-calf cows
	Case 5.1. Partial perineal tear
	Case 5.2. Full perineal tear
	Case 6. Multifactorial reproductive failure	with complications due to anaplasmosis
	Case 7. Outbreak of acute clinical mastitis on a farm

8. Bibliography

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The peripartum cow: practical notes

The peripartum cow: practical notes

LANGUAGE: ENGLISH

Author(s): Manuel Fernández Sánchez, Manuel Liz López, Matilde Hernández Solís ,
Release date: 2014
ISBN: 978-84-942449-6-4
Pages: 142
Binding: Hard cover
Format: 17 x 24

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