The peripartum cow: practical notes
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The peripartum cow: practical notes

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The cow’s peripartum period from a practical and dynamic point of view, explained through theoretical explanations and a huge collection of clinical cases. Normally, disorders or conditions occurring in the peripartum period are not independent events; they are the result of the interaction of several events occurring over time. The authors highlight here the importance of assessing bovine pathologies as a whole. It is the only manner for the clinician to anticipate conditions that may appear during the peripartum period.

Manuel Fernández Sánchez

Manuel Fernández Sánchez obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Veterinary Science at the University of Zaragoza. His professional career, now 20 years long, has always been related to ruminants, since his training in Bristol, Belgium and Scotland until his current position as technical responsible for ruminants of Evialis Galicia.

His work developing genetic and reproductive improvements in meet sheep atA.N.G.R.A. (National Association of Rasa Aragonesa breed Farmers), as well as his work controlling reproduction and milk quality in cows in Asturias, have both been remarkable. His professional experience in different scopes of business in conjunction with his experience as a practitioner and in the service of reproductive control in dairy cows have provided him with an ample vision of the veterinarian’s needs when it comes to solving reproductive problems. This image atlas is the result of a practitioner’s work, who knows what it means to confront real problem “at the field”.

Manuel Liz López

Manuel Liz López obtained a Bachelor’s degree at the University of León in Veterinary Science in 1988, the same year in which he started his professional activity as a beef and dairy cattle clinical veterinarian in Lugo (Spain) and which he is still carrying out today. He is co-founder of the veterinary service company da Pontenosa S.L.P and is a specialist in artificial insemination and cattle selection and improvement.

Throughout his whole professional trajectory he has completed numerous courses and training seminars of pathology, surgery, ultrasonography and cattle farm management.

Matilde Hernández Solís

Matilde Hernández Solís owns a Bachelor’s degree in Veterinary Science from the University of León since 1987. Since then she has worked as a cattle veterinarian, and specialised in milk quality after 2003, year in which she starts to develop a quality of milk improvement programme in 70 cattle farms in the province of Lugo. Since 2008 she has been an associate partner of the veterinary service company da Pontenosa S.L.P, and during two years she was the trainer of the Official Quality Control of Milk courses imparted to government employees of Junta de Castilla y León

She is the main researcher of the veterinary service company da Pontenosa S.L.P, of the I+D of “Influencia de la instalación de ordeño en la producción de leche y en el estado sanitario de los rebaños de vacuno de leche en Galicia. Repercusiones económicas en las explotaciones (2007-2010)” (Influence of the milking facilities on milk production and on the sanitary status of the dairy milk herd in Galicia. Economica repercussions in the farms 2007-2010).

1. Introduction The stages of the peripartum period 2. The dry period Physiology Drying-off: Why? Drying-off: When? Drying-off: How? Dry cow management Treatments that can be applied during the dry period Podiatric treatments Vaccinations Antiparasitic treatments Other preventative treatments 3. Late pregnancy and calving Pregnancy monitoring before drying-off Late pregnancy examination Pregnancy-related disorders Foetal mummification Diagnosis Treatment Imminent miscarriage Diagnosis Treatment Prepartum uterine torsion Diagnosis Treatment Calving Physiological calving Hormonal changes Stages of calving Preparation (duration: 2-8 hours) Dilation (duration: 2-6 hours) Foetal expulsion (duration: 0.5-2 hours) Expulsion of the placenta (duration: 2-12 hours)) Puerperium (early postpartum) Indications for calving Dystocia Problems of the mother or foetus as causes of dystocia Disproportionate foetus Primiparous cows Posterior presentation Malpresentations Maternal diseases Changes in environment (facilities and handling) as causes of dystocia When to suspect and how to confirm dystocia calving 4. Nutrition and body condition Diet management Case studies on dry cow management The importance of diet Food distribution methods Automatic concentrate distribution (ACD) Unifeed system Appropriate diet and production Lactation curve Case studies on peak lactation How to predict and improve production potential Body Condition Case studies on body condition Changes in body condition Rations Case studies on ration management Behaviour of the cow towards its ration Evaluation of cow manure Case study on manure evaluation 5. Postpartum diseases Uterine prolapse Aetiology Treatment Hypocalcaemia Pathogenesis Clinical signs Treatment Prevention Retained placenta Aetiology Clinical signs Treatment Prevention Metritis Aetiology Clinical signs Diagnosis Treatment Prevention Ketosis Aetiology Pathogenesis Clinical signs Diagnosis Treatment Prevention Left displaced abomasum Pathogenesis Clinical signs Diagnosis Treatment Rolling procedure Surgery Paramedian approach Right flank approach Left flank approach Pharmacotherapy and monitoring Mastitis Estimated costs of mastitis Compiled data Study results Costs of discarded milk Treatment costs Costs due to loss of production Conclusions 6. General management Collective management Solid feed Amount Quality Water intake Rest Cubicle dimensions Exercise Individual management Planning the dry period Twin pregnancies Heifers Grazing cows Batch creation and mobilisation Prevention of postpartum metabolic problems in dry cows 7. Case studies Case 1. Abscess in the hoof wall Case 2. Lameness in a dry cow: the perils of inaction Case 3. Left displaced abomasum complicated by surgical abscess Case 4. Drying-off and social relationships Case 5. Perineal tears in first-calf cows Case 5.1. Partial perineal tear Case 5.2. Full perineal tear Case 6. Multifactorial reproductive failure with complications due to anaplasmosis Case 7. Outbreak of acute clinical mastitis on a farm 8. Bibliography 
  • Idioma Inglés
  • Autor/es Manuel Fernández Sánchez, Manuel Liz López, Matilde Hernández Solís
  • Año de edición 2014
  • Nº Páginas 142
  • Encuadernación Hard cover
  • Tamaño 17 X 24