1. Anatomy Dog skeleton. Fibrous, cartilaginous and synovial joints. Dog muscles. 2. Main disorders by system Musculoskeletal system Joint osteochondrosis. Shoulder and stifle. Elbow dysplasia. Hip dysplasia. Vertebral disorders. Spondyloarthrosis, herniation and luxation. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head. Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (RACL). Urogenital system Acute and chronic kidney disease. Urinary calculi. Urethral obstruction. The oestrus cycle of the bitch. Neutering in males and females. Most frequent types of dystocia in dogs. Pyometra. Ovarian diseases. Cysts and neoplasms. Vaginal hyperplasia and prolapse. Pseudopregnancy. Mammary tumours. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Cryptorchidism. Cardiorespiratory system Brachycephalic syndrome. Surgical treatment. Dilated cardiomyopathy. Congenital heart diseases. Acquired valvular disease. Congestive heart failure (CHF). Peritoneal-pericardial-diaphragmatic hernia. Pneumothorax and pleural effusion. Endocrine system Diabetes mellitus in dogs. Hyperadrenocorticism. Cushing’s syndrome. Hypoadrenocorticisim. Addison’s disease. Hypothyroidism in dogs. Skin and integumentary system Skin structures in dogs. Ectoparasites. Fleas and ticks. Types of mange. Fungal and yeast infections. Hypersensitivity. Allergies. Pyotraumatic dermatitis. Hot spots. Otitis externa. Impetigo and juvenile cellulitis. Digestive system Dental anatomy of the dog. Deciduous and permanent teeth. Periodontal disease. Main diseases of the oesophagus. Gastric dilation and volvulus syndrome. Gastrointestinal foreign bodies. Most common intestinal parasites in dogs. Pancreatitis and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Hepatitis. Portosystemic shunts. Perinanal disorders. Eyes Structures of the eye. Corneal ulcers. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) Degeneration of the lens. Cataracts. Eyelid and eyelash disorders. Nervous system Central and peripheral and autonomic nervous system. Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS). Peripheral and central vestibular syndrome. Infectious diseases Canine leishmaniasis. Filariasis. Heartworm disease. Infectious diseases transmitted by ticks. Babesiosis, ehrlichiosis and Lyme disease. Canine parvovirus. Canine distemper. Leptospirosis. Kennel cough. Infectious tracheobronchitis. Rabies. Special techniques Nail trimming. Problems caused by grass awns. Removal by means of crocodile forceps. How to administer drugs. Behaviour and management Reproductive behaviour. Usual postures in dogs. Handling and care of newborn puppies.