Ear diseases in dogs and cats. Clinical cases
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Ear diseases in dogs and cats. Clinical cases

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20 % of visits to the vet may be due to otitis and although in general they do not represent a serious condition for the animal, they may become very unpleasant and insidious processes if they are not treated suitably and guidelines for management and control are not established. This work presents a selection of clinical cases, in their majority of otitis, diagnosed in dogs and cats, with information about their anatomical, aetiopathogenic, clinical and analytical aspects, as well as about the aspects of the local and systemic treatments that may be applied in each case.

1. Introduction and brief anatomic outline

Ear anatomy of the dog and cat

Introduction

Outer ear

Tympanic membrane

Middle ear

Inner ear

2. Otitis externa (EO) etiopathogenic

3. Otitis clinical findings/features

Clinical history

General and dermatologic clinical examination

Otoscopic examination

Other tests

Treatment

Ceruminous- erythematous or suppurative infectious otitis externa (bacteria and/or yeast)

Otitis externa due to foreign body

Ceruminous-erythematous parasitic otitis externa

Otitis media

4. Sampling

Skin scraping

Sampling with cellophane paper

Cerumen sampling

Cytology

Sample staining

Results interpretation

5. External and systemic treatments

Introduction

External treatments: cleaners

External treatments: therapeutic products

Systemic treatments

Microenvironment modifiers

Antibiotics

Antifungal

Acaricide

Instructions sheet for the owner

6. Clinical cases

Bilateral otitis externa in a cat due to Otodectes cynotis

Pinna ́s bilateral injuries in a dog due to Sarcoptes scabie

Trombiculiasis of the pinna and periauricural area in a cat

Pinna ́s injuries in a dog with leishmaniasis

Pinnal dermatophytosis in a cat

Bilateral otitis externa due to Sthapylococcus

Bilateral otitis externa due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Bilateral otitis externa due to Malassezia

Bilateral otitis externa related to atopic dermatitis in a Yorkshire Terrier

Pinnal injuries in a cat with seasonal atopic dermatitis

Bilateral otitis externa related to food allergy in a dog

Bilateral otitis externa with stenosis related to allergic process (atopic dermatitis/food allergy)

Bilateral cushingoid disturbances due to a drug reaction in a cat with suspected allergic otitis

Bilateral otitis externa related to hypothyroidism

Unilateral otitis externa because of foreign body

Unilateral otohematoma associated with bilateral otitis externa due to scabies

Otitis due to ceruminous glands adenocarcinoma

Pemphigus foliaceous in a cat

Bilateral otitis externa due to juvenile cellulitis in a puppy

Unilateral otitis media

Proliferative and necrotizing otitis in a cat

7. References

9788494244940
  • Language English
  • Author/s Pilar Sagredo Rodríguez
  • Release date 2010
  • Pages 132
  • Binding Hard cover
  • Dimensions 17 X 24

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